Rubrique sources renouvelables

Nastase Gabriel and others

Parution : 
December (2017)
Hydropower development in Romania. A review from its beginnings to the present.
Édition : 
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, vol. 80.
Pages : 
pp. 297-312.

Water is a prime element both for sustaining life on Earth and for complex human activity. In 2015 in Romania the average electricity production was of 7343 MW h and the average consumption was of 6590 MW h. The average hydropower generated was of 1894 MW h, which is equal to 26% of the total production. In this paper, we aim at reviewing the hydropower system in Romania from its beginnings, in 1884, to its present development. The first hydropower plant in Romania was in Sinaia and had an installed capacity of 4×250 kW. Now, Romania has more than 200 HPPs, with a total installed capacity of 6.443 MW. In Romania, hydropower is the first main source of energy among RES, followed by wind energy.